Craniofacial development is significantly affected by congenital malformations. The aim of this discipline is to discuss basic elements for the comprehension of facial growth of individuals without and with cleft lip and palate; and to provide references for new methodologies of study.
The knowledge of normative facial growth in humans is very important for understanding the effects of orofacial clefts and the therapeutic procedures. The role of genetics on facial growth and the interaction of environmental factors explains the possibilities and limitations of treatment, defining treatment time and strategies.
Important fields are related to facial growth as reconstructive plastic surgeries and orthodontics/orthognathic surgeries. Other areas of the rehabilitation process, as intraoral and extra-oral prosthetic rehabilitation and speech pathology, also are influenced by facial growth justifying the introduction of this discipline in the postgraduate program.
• Prenatal growth: embryogenesis of facial processes; origin of facial malformations; palate formations and time of closuring; etiology of cleft lip and palate
• Growth in patients without clefts
• Craniofacial growth in individuals with clefts: growth pattern in non-operated patients; growth pattern in operated cleft lip; growth pattern in operated unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate; growth pattern in operated cleft palate
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